The following is a list of precautions that should be taken at all times, regardless of the working environment:
Approved safety glasses.
Steel toed/safety boots.
Breathing barriers if there are any dangerous fumes or dust in the area.
All workers have up to date Tetanus, and Hepatitis A and B vaccinations.
All workers are trained in First Aid.
There are adequate First aid supplies on hand.
There is a method for reporting accidents.
There is a dedicated land line phone for emergencies.
Local emergency respond units are aware of the type of work that is being done.
After hours safety
All work areas should be clearly marked, and barricated, so curious on lookers do not become victims to accidents. If barrication is not feasible, warning tape should be used all around the excavation.
Signs, with pictures, should be used to clearly warn non-workers of the danger in the area.
When machines are in use:
Except for the trained and dedicated operator no one else should be standing on or sitting on any part of the machine, unless that particular machine is designed for such a use.
No one else, other than trained operators, should be operating any machine.
All workers should stand a minimum of 3 meters away from the radius of any moving parts.
Workers should not move in front, or behind, of any machine unless they have indicated to the driver and the driver has acknowledged their intentions.
When operating a machine the operator should be fully alert and free of any alcohol, drugs, or medication.